EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT COMPUTER LAN BACKBONE WIRING
Backbone cabling is a crucial part of any building or campus’s structured cable system. The basic end goal, as with other aspects of a structured cabling system, is to satisfy the user’s demands for at least three to eight years.
Backbone cabling, as the title implies, serves as the backbone of your network connection, linking the primary ISP entrance point to many of the enclosures, structures, or components that make up the complete system.
Backbone cabling occurs frequently between wiring on the same floor of a building, but floor-to-floor wiring in a multi-story building is the more common instance. Because the majority of the system, particularly the cable, is put in a vertical riser, backbone systems are frequently referred to as riser systems. In contrast to horizontal cabling, it’s commonly referred to as vertical cabling.
Several types of content can be used to set up backbone cabling, including unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable, shielded twisted-pair (STP) cable, fiber optic cable, and coaxial cable. Cables no longer than 30 meters should be used to connect device.
Cables for Backbone Cabling
Fiber optic cable is the most appropriate solution for backbone cabling now that Gigabit Ethernet and 10 Gigabit Ethernet have emerged, as they give far more capacity than standard Cat5, Cat6, or even Cat7 twisted pair copper lines.
- Fiber optic cables allow far more wire than copper twisted pair cables since no electricity is used.
- Fiber optic cables are so much more protected for data transferthere really is no electrical interference and related noise because fiber optic cables.
- Fiber optic cable can also be used to electrically isolate a cabling system across buildings or between floors within the same building.
- Data is kept safe with fiber optic cable. It doesn’t emit any signals and is extremely tough to tap without your permission.
Backbone cabling should be terminated similarly to horizontal cabling. Backbone cabling ought to be of the same or better category and type as your installation’s performance needs, as well as the installation’s building and fire protection standards.
All riser cable (cable that runs vertically between floors) must be riser rated for fire and smoke resistance. Plenum-rated cables are even required in some cases. To be utilized in high-rise buildings, riser cable must pass UL flammability tests.
To connect the many subnetworks on various floors. The various floors of the building are connected to all the LANs. The information travelling from the LAN terminal on the backbone is blocked by the bridge. To improve information flow, each of the backbone’s bridges keeps a list of LANs.
The star backbone is a network that connects many LANs or subnetworks using wiring hubs and switches. The several LANs are connected by a single switch.
Requirement for grounding
Electrical grounding and bonding regulations must be followed while pulling cables between distant telecommunication rooms either between floors. The proper techniques can be found in EIA/TIA standards.